Table 2

Demographics and clinical characteristics of recurred retinal artery occlusion (RAO) in the opposite eye

Case No123456
Age (years)50–5570–7575–8075–8060–6545–50
SexMaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleFemale
Diabetes mellitusNoYesNoNoNoNo
HypertensionYesYesYesYesYesYes
DyslipidaemiaYesYesYesYesYesYes
Heart diseaseCADCADCADAtrial fibrillationAtrioventricular massCAD
Vasculitis labNoNoNoNoNoNo
Other systemic diseasesESRD on PD
First RAO
 LateralityLeftLeftLeftRightRightLeft
 Onset to arrival time (hours)12244867224
 Initial BCVAHM20/50HMHM20/100FC
 DiagnosisComplete CRAOBRAOComplete CRAOComplete CRAOCilioretinal artery occlusionComplete CRAO
 Intra-arterial thrombolysisYesNoNoNoNoNo
Opposite RAO
 LateralityRightRightRightLeftLeftRight
 Duration from first RAO (months)86617251926
 Initial BCVAFC20/2520/40020/2520/2520/200
 DiagnosisComplete CRAOBRAOIncomplete CRAOBRAOBRAOIncomplete CRAO
 Intra-arterial thrombolysisYesNoYesNoNoNo
 Brain MRA
 TFCA
Both proximal ICA mild stenosis (30%)
Right MCA near-complete occlusion (90%)
Both proximal, distal ICA severe stenosis (80%)Both proximal, distal ICA severe stenosis (80%)Both proximal ICA mild stenosis (20%)Both distal ICA mild stenosis (30%)Both proximal ICA mild stenosis (30%)
 CAG
 Echocardiography
RCA total occlusion (100%)Moderate stenosis (50%)
Previous CABG, PCI history
Mild stenosis (20%)
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Moderate aortic regurgitation
Mitral annular heavy calcification
Cardiac tumour (fibroelastoma)RCA total occlusion (100%)
Final
 Follow-up period (months)247224323638
 Final BCVA
  First20/40020/25LPHM20/100FC
  Opposite20/40020/2520/5020/2520/2520/25
 Further cerebrovascular-cardiovascular eventsStrokeNoneNoneNoneNoneNone
  • BCVA, best corrected visual acuity; BRAO, branch retinal artery occlusion; CABG, coronary artery bypass graft; CAD, coronary artery disease; CAG, coronary angiography; CRAO, central retinal artery occlusion; ESRD on PD, end-stage retinal disease on peritoneal dialysis; FC, finger count; HM, hand motion; ICA, internal carotid artery; LP, light perception; MCA, middle cerebral artery; MRA, magnetic resonance angiography; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention; RCA, right coronary artery; TFCA, transfemoral cerebral angiography.