Table 1

Baseline characteristics

GroupA (Positive framing)B (Negative framing)TotalP value
N5050100
Mean age (years)70.2±9.570.8±8.970.5±9.20.738
Female n (%)34 (68)29 (58)63 (63)0.543
Mean waiting time (days)74±7981±6877±730.271
Ethnicity n (%)0.572
 White23 (46)22 (44)45 (45)
 South Asian17 (34)12 (24)29 (29)
 Arab/West Asian2 (4)1 (2)3 (3)
 Black2 (4)1 (2)3 (3)
 Hispanic/Latin America2 (4)3 (6)5 (5)
 East Asian1 (2)3 (6)4 (4)
 Other2 (4)1 (2)3 (3)
 N/A1 (2)7 (14)8 (8)
Education n (%)0.010
 Less than high school1 (2)1 (2)2 (2)
 High school12 (24)18 (36)30 (30)
 Postsecondary20 (40)24 (48)44 (44)
 Postgraduate15 (30)6 (12)21 (21)
 N/A2 (4)1 (2)3 (3)
Household income n (%)0.252
 <$40 00014 (28)17 (34)31 (31)
 $40 000–$60 00016 (32)8 (16)24 (24)
 $60 000–$90 0009 (18)12 (24)21 (21)
 $90 000–$130 0001 (2)5 (10)6 (6)
 $130 000–$160 0001 (2)2 (4)3 (3)
 $160 000–$200 0000 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
 $200 000 or more1 (2)0 (0)1 (1)
 N/A8 (16)6 (12)14 (14)
Visual satisfaction n (%)0.706
 Very dissatisfied17 (34)21 (42)38 (38)
 Fairly dissatisfied12 (24)11 (22)23 (23)
 Fairly satisfied17 (34)16 (32)33 (33)
 Very satisfied4 (8)2 (4)6 (6)
Recruitment n (%)0.524
 In person15 (30)18 (36)33 (33)
 By phone35 (70)32 (64)67 (67)
Visual acuity n (%)0.519
 20/50 or better24 (48)23 (46)47 (47)
 20/60–20/15018 (36)23 (46)41 (41)
 20/200 or worse8 (16)4 (8)12 (12)