Table 3

Association between vision impairment (n=78) and uncorrected presbyopia (n=200) and the craftswomen’ demographic profiles (multivariate analysis)

Vision impairment
OR (95% CI)
N=78
Presbyopia
OR (95% CI)
N=200
Age group (years)
 35–44ReferenceReference
 45–552.23 (0.85–5.82)2.83 (0.92–8.64)
 Older than 555.27 (1.78–15.6)1.33 (0.34–5.16)
Level of education
 No formal educationReferenceReference
 Did not complete primary education0.63 (2.14–1.88)1.43 (0.31–6.51)
 Completed primary education0.37 (0.15–0.95)2.71 (0.71–10.4)
 Completed secondary education0.94 (0.36–2.47)4.30 (0.87–21.2)
Type of craftwork engaged
 WeavingReferenceReference
 Tailoring and sewing0.53 (0.24–1.16)1.16 (0.40–3.32)
 Pottery1.03 (0.23–4.57)
 Producing oil and making soaps0.57 (0.17–1.92)1.02 (0.22–4.66)
Years working as craftswomen
 1–10ReferenceReference
 >10–201.70 (0.86–3.38)0.63 (0.24–1.65)
 >20–301.27 (0.35–4.62)
 >30–400.72 (0.05–9.71)
Marital status
 SingleReference
 Married0.67 (0.04–13.1)Reference
 Widowed1.14 (0.05–24.5)0.97 (0.24–3.85)
 Separated/divorced1.01 (0.05–22.3)4.18 (0.64–27.2)
Number of children
 1–4ReferenceReference
 5–81.05 (0.49–2.24)1.16 (0.39–3.47)
 More than 80.51 (0.16–1.70)
Number of dependents
 NoneReferenceReference
 1–41.59 (0.51–4.99)4.77 (1.24–18.4)
 5–82.27 (0.60–8.65)6.35 (1.10–36.6)
 More than 82.09 (0.22–19.9)
Personal monthly income level
 Less than TSH100 000ReferenceReference
 TSH100 000–TSH200 0001.44 (0.42–4.89)0.49 (0.11–2.21)
 More than TSH200 0004.27 (0.75–24.4)0.65 (0.06–7.46)