Table 2

Association between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) risk determined by the STOP-BANG questionnaire (SBQ) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) with the likelihood of having age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or reticular pseudodrusen (RPD) coexistent with AMD (n=337)

ParametersAMDRPD coexistent with AMD
OR (95% CI)P ValueOR (95% CI)P Value
OSA risk (SBQ+ESS; binary)
 Non-high risk (n=274)Ref0.698Ref0.885
 High risk (n=63)1.13 (0.61 to 2.07)1.05 (0.53 to 2.11)
OSA risk (SBQ; ordinal)
 Low risk (n=169)Ref0.519Ref0.551
 Intermediate risk (n=142)1.35 (0.79 to 2.31)1.36 (0.75 to 2.46)
 High risk (n=26)1.39 (0.53 to 3.65)1.55 (0.49 to 4.93)
SBQ score (continuous)
 Per point increase1.09 (0.88 to 1.36)0.4411.16 (0.90 to 1.51)0.252
ESS score (continuous)
 Per point increase1.04 (0.96 to 1.12)0.3531.02 (0.94 to 1.11)0.679
  • Evaluation of each parameter was performed adjusting for age, gender and smoking history.

  • ESS, Epworth Sleepiness Scale.