Table 2

Presentation and clinical characteristics of participants

CharacteristicFrequency (%)
Ocular trauma
 Trauma103 (59)
  Vegetative matter79 (77)
  Non-veg matter24 (23)
 No trauma71 (41)
Duration of symptoms prior to attending SCEH
 Median days (IQR)15 (6–30)
 <5 days19 (11)
 5–14 days59 (34)
 15–30 days83 (48)
 >30 days13 (7)
Reasons for delayed presentation
 Distance94 (54)
 Money28 (16)
 Nobody to accompany24 (14)
 No information about eye hospital15 (9)
 No response13 (7)
Consultation before hospital visit
 Ophthalmic assistant/optometrist83 (48)
 Local pharmacy74 (43)
 Traditional Healer8 (5)
 Ophthalmologist7 (4)
 Self2 (1)
Treatments used before hospital visit*
 Antibiotic eye-drops135 (78)
 Antifungal eye-drops66 (38)
 Corticosteroid eye-drops37 (21)
 Traditional eye medicine15 (9)
 No Medication2 (1)
Visual acuity at presentation
 6/5–6/1218 (10)
 6/189 (5)
 6/24–3/6040 (23)
 <3/60107 (61)
Visual acuity at final follow-up
 6/5–6/1222 (13)
 6/187 (4)
 6/24–3/6072 (41)
 <3/6073 (42)
Types of organism
 Fungus84 (48)
 Bacteria39 (22)
 Mixed31 (18)
 No organism found20 (12)
Size of ulcer
 <2 mm43 (26)
 2–5 mm104 (62)
 >5 mm21 (13)
 Missing data6
Stromal depth
 <20%41 (24)
 20%–50%117 (70)
 >50%10 (6)
 Missing data6
  • *Some participants were using more than one type of medication at presentation.

  • SCEH, Sagarmatha Chaudhary Eye Hospital.