Table 2

Statistical analysis of risk variables in our sample

ValuesTwo-tailed Student’s t-test/ANOVA/χ2
Age
 No DR68.3±10.48p=0.077, F=3.14
 DR64.87±11.31
Women
 No DR177/380 (46.57%)p=0.396, OR 1.1 (95% CI 0.89 to 1.36)
 DR95/222 (43.69%)
Diabetes duration
 No DR8.32±5.04p<0.001, F=2.54
 DR13.20±7.25
Body mass index
 No DR28.35±6.52p=0.046 F=3.98
 DR28.64±4.57
HbA1c
 No DR6.86±2.72p=0.011, F=6.52
 DR8.54±1.46
UACR
 No DR10.46±64.33p<0.001, F=111.47
 DR90.10±62.23
eGFR
 No DR83.87±41.06p=0.154, F=2.03
 DR80.45±56.33
Arterial hypertension
 No DR37/387 (9.56%)p<0.001, OR 2.21 (95% CI 1.68 to 2.90)
 DR79/222 (35.58%)
Insulin DM treatment
 No DR6/380 (1.57%)p<0.001, OR 2.45 (95% CI 1.79 to 2.97)
 DR105/222 (47.29%)
  • ANOVA, analysis of variance; DM, diabetes mellitus; DR, diabetic retinopathy; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; F, function of Snedecor; HbA1c, glicated hemoglobine; UACR, urine albumine creatinine ratio.