Table 3

Potential predictors for postoperative outcome, resection and recession length by correlation analysis for the whole sample (r Pearson, 95% CI)

Postoperative deviatonPreoperative deviationAgeStrabismus typeAmblyopia degreeEOM recession (mm)EOM resection (mm)LRM tendon widthMRM tendon widthLRM insertionMRM insertion
Postoperative deviation10.91*
0.88, 0.93
0.13
−0.02, 0.28
0.12
−0.01, 0.26
0.21*
0.08, 0.35
0.23*
0.11, 0.33
0.16†
0.02, 0.29
0.08
−0.04, 0.2
0.09
−0.03, 0.22
0.11
−0.03, 0.26
0.14†
−0.00, 0.28
Preoperative deviation10.29*
0.14, 0.42
0.21*
0.08, 0.34
0.29*
0.15, 0.43
0.20*
0.08, 0.32
0.36*
0.24, 0.47
0.074
−0.06, 0.2
0.14†
0.02, 0.28
0.17*
0.04, 0.32
0.09*
0.06, 0.33
Age10.59*
0.49, 0.69
0.17†
0.03, 0.31
0.05
0.19, 0.09
0.64*
0.56, 0.71
0.14†
−0.01, 0.29
0.02
−0.09, 0.14
0.41*
0.3, 0.52
0.42*
0.29, 0.53
Strabismus type10.08
0.2, 0.05
0.03
−0.13, 0.18
0.49*
0.38, 0.6
0.16†
0.02, 0.3
0.03
0.15, 0.1
0.43*
0.31, 0.54
0.37*
0.24, 0.49
Amblyopia degree10.03
−0.15, 0.21
0.18*
0.03, 0.31
0.03
−0.12, 0.18
0.19*
0.06, 0.33
0.11
−0.01, 0.23
0.08
−0.04, 0.2
EOM recession10.44*
0.54,–0.33
0.07
−0.06, 0.19
0.07
0.21, 0.07
0.13
−0.01, 0.27
0.08
−0.06, 0.22
EOM resection10.09
−0.05, 0.22
0.09
−0.05, 0.21
0.27*
0.16, 0.4
0.28*
0.16, 0.4
LRM tendon width10.03
0.17, 0.11
0.19*
0.06, 0.31
0.13
0.01, 0.26
MRM tendon width10.11
−0.02, 0.24
0.044
−0.1, 0.18
LRM insertion10.81*
0.76, 0.86
MRM insertion1
  • Nr = 216.

  • *Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (two tailed).

  • †Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (two tailed).

  • EOM, extraocular muscle; LRM, lateral rectus muscle; MRM, medial rectus muscle.