Table 3

A total of 103 patients were examined by an ophthalmologist

Ocular candidiasis
YesNo
Total, n (%)33 (32)70 (68)
Male15 (46)41 (59)
Female18 (55)29 (41)
Mean age±SD (years)55±1361±19
Candida albicans29 (88)*44 (63)
C. glabrata2 (6)14 (20)
C. parapsilosis0 (0)6 (9)
Other Candida spp2 (6)6 (9)
No persisting blood culture (>72 hours)16 (48)49 (70)†
Intensive care unit4 (12)9 (13)
Abdominal malignancy14 (42)17 (24)
Leukaemia or lymphoma4 (12)1 (1)
Neutropenia (<0.1×109 /L)3 (9)2 (3)
Abdominal complication6 (18)24 (34)
Neurological or psychiatric4 (12)16 (23)
Injury1 (3)3 (4)
Alcohol abuse1 (3)3 (4)
Intravenous drug1 (3)7 (10)
Central venous catheter (CVC)21 (64)37 (53)
CVC removal confirmed‡15 (71)28 (76)
Autoimmune disease1 (3)2 (3)
Endovascular or valve prosthesis2 (6)1 (1)
Endocarditis0 (0)5 (7)
Death <3 months2 (6)1 (1)
Alive >1 year19 (58)40 (57)
  • The table shows properties of those who had ocular candidiasis (n=33) compared with patients negative for ocular candidiasis (n=70). Conditions and properties related with development of candidemia are shown. Patients with C. albicans were more frequently affected. Patients in whom blood cultures were negative for candida during antifungal treatment (72 hours) had a lower number of ocular candidiasis.

  • *P<0.01.

  • †P=0.05.

  • ‡Prompt removal of CVC was documented in 43 (74%) of 58 patient files.