Table 1

Group attributes of included studies

Study attributesStudies (number)Participants (number)
All studies10453
Study design
 Construct validity476
 Surgical outcomes6377
Participants*
 Residents6137
 Surgeons5316
Skills trained
 Navigation training6116
 Forceps training594
 Bimanual training6116
 Antitremor training6116
 Capsulorhexis8168
 Phacoemulsification584
Years of publication
 2012–2016258
 2016–20198395
  • *One study included both residents and surgeons resulting in the given overlap in study numbers.