To present the retreatment rates and the characteristics of ROP reactivation, as well as the differences between bevacizumab and ranibizumab injections in premature babies treated in our department over the past 5 years.
A retrospective analysis of babies with treated ROP was performed. 89 babies who required treatment from 2017 to 2022 were examined. We studied the severity of their disease with regards to their gestational age, treatment time and type and the need of further treatment. We also focused on the comparison of anti-VEGF agents for ROP.
22 out of 89 babies (14 boys and 8 girls) with aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (APROP) and mean gestational age of 25+3w received initially anti-VEGF injections. 16 of those (11 boys and 5 girls) required retreatment with diode laser. 9 out of these 16 babies were treated with ranibizumab (Lucentis) and 7 with bevacizumab (Avastin). It is also of note that only 2 out of 67 babies who initially received laser treatment needed a complementary laser session.
The majority of babies with aggressive ROP who receive anti-VEGF agents will most probably require further laser treatment. At an equal level of retinal damage, it seems that their response to ranibizumab and bevacizumab is similar.
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