Background/Aims To analyse the complications and outcomes of vitrectomy surgery for endophthalmitis.
Methods This was a retrospective case series. All cases that underwent 23-gauge vitrectomy surgery for endophthalmitis at a tertiary centre between 1 February 2013 and 1 February 2018 were included. Main outcome measures were as follows: visual acuity (VA) at final visit and post-vitrectomy complications.
Results 33 patients were included in the study with 20 men and 13 women, average age 63 years. Main post-surgical causes for endophthalmitis included phacoemulsification (n=9), trabeculectomy (n=5), intravitreal injection (n=5), corneal graft (n=4), vitreoretinal surgery (n=3) and endogenous endophthalmitis (n=6). Average follow-up was 18 months (SD 14). 21/33 (64%) patients had baseline perception of light VA. Analysis of exogenous endophthalmitis cases only demonstrated: mean LogMAR VA improved significantly from 2.68 to 1.66 (p=0.001). At final follow-up, 12% had VA of 6/12 or better, and 28% had VA of 6/36 or better. Vitrectomy within 7 days resulted in improved final VA outcomes (1.49 vs 2.16 LogMAR, p=0.032). Complications included retinal detachment (24.2%), macular hole (3%), hypotony (6%), suprachoroidal haemorrhage (3%) and enucleation/evisceration (6%).
Conclusion Vitrectomy for endophthalmitis leads to VA gains in some cases. Surgical outcomes may be improved with early vitrectomy performed within 7 days of the initial event for exogenous endophthalmitis. Patients should be advised of the potential risk of severe complications with/and without surgery.
- treatment surgery
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Contributors Study design, planning, conduct, analysis of data and reporting of work: GN, WOC, CP, MMMK. We confirm that GN and MMMK are responsible for the overall content as guarantors.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient and public involvement Patients and/or the public were not involved in the design, or conduct, or reporting, or dissemination plans of this research.
Patient consent for publication Not required.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as supplementary information.
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